Lanzarote is the northernmost island of the Canary archipelago, the beautiful islands of Spain off the coast of Africa and immersed in the Atlantic Ocean, as well as one of the closest to the Saharan region.

The island is of volcanic origin and traces of Lanzarote’s geologically explosive past can be seen in the crater of the Volcán de la Corona, in the northern region and between the Montañas del Fuego of the Temanfaya National Park.

The name of Lanzarote derives from the first European explorer who rediscovered the Canary Islands in 1312, Lanzerotto Malocello, who originally came from Varazze, Liguria, although the islands were already known from Roman times, previously inhabited by a mysterious population in Prehistory. the Guanches.

timanfaya national park
Timanfaya National Park

As with all the Canary Islands today, Lanzarote is like a paradise of wonderful beaches and unspoiled nature, which is why every year it attracts a large number of tourists looking for calm and a relaxed atmosphere. The main tourist resorts of Lanzarote are three and they are located on the eastern side of the island: Playa Blanca, Puerto del Carmen, Costa Teguise.

Playa Blanca enjoys a better climate, especially in winter and it has a small port from where ferries leave for Fuerteventura. The magnificent and pristine beaches of Papagayo are also nearby.

playa blanca - lanzarote
Playa Blanca – Lanzarote

Puerto del Carmen is located near the international airport of the island, south of Arrecife, the capital and for this reason it has developed as the first tourist center of the island and it is often used as a starting point for those who want explore the south of Tenerife, especially towards the Timanfaya National Park and the La Geria valley.

Costa Teguise is located north of Arrecife having developed since the Seventies as half for windsurfing, attracting today thousands of sportsmen looking for the legendary waves that develop on this stretch of coast. The caves of Jameos del Agua and Cueva de los Verdes are located a short distance from the city center and represent a spectacular destination to be reached in an excursion.

puerto del carmen
Puerto del Carmen – Lanzarote

From a climatic point of view, the island of Lanzarote is characterized, like all the Canary archipelago, by a very mild and desert-like climate, with warm and sunny summers and mild or even warmer winters.

As far as rainfall is concerned, the rains on the coastal area are substantially scarce and are concentrated in the period from October to March. In the inner zone, where the highest hills of the island are concentrated, the rains are slightly more frequent and for this reason a less bleak landscape has developed and the typical terraces for the cultivations can be observed.

In Lanzarote, there are spring temperatures for most of the year, in fact, during daylight hours they average 21 ° C in January to 27 ° C in August. In general, temperatures tend to stabilise on these average values throughout the year with the only exception of the phenomenon of the calima, that is when the wind coming from the nearby Sahara desert increases temperatures to 40 ° C, causing sand storms.

A particularity of Lanzarote is due to its north-eastern position compared to the rest of the archipelago, which makes it particularly exposed to the trade winds, winding constantly from north-east to south-west throughout the year. In the past the explorers used these winds to orientate themselves and travel in the unknown ocean. These constant winds generate a wave phenomenon perfect for surfing and windsurfing and it is precisely for these very particular environmental conditions that Lanzarote is the favorite destination for surfers arriving in the Canary Islands.

famara
Famara – Lanzarote

As for the waters of the Atlantic Ocean surrounding the island, the Lanzarote waters are fresh, because of the so-called Canary current, a cold submarine stream that flows along the Moroccan coast that lowers the temperature of the surrounding waters. Temperatures therefore fluctuate between 22 ° C from July to early November, 19 ° C in December and January, up to 18 ° C in the period from February to June. Those who love swimming and bathing will find, therefore, a fresh but enjoyable water for the duration of the year, thus being able to dive even in winter.

Which is the best period to go to Lanzarote?

Well what we know is that the climate has small seasonal differences according to the activities you want to do.

For a trip of diving and surfing, the best time to visit is from May to mid-October, when the water temperature is higher; during the winter months, on the other hand, you can face the inland excursions more easily thanks to cooler temperatures and less intense sun and – in this way – you can better enjoy the spectacular natural environment that spreads around the Montañas del Fuego, the volcanic area in the center of Lanzarote.

The bravest surfers can also wait for the winter period because of the arrival of the perturbations coming from Africa. The winds arrive with much more force and the waves that are generated in these situations are among the largest in the Eastern Atlantic, although this attraction is advisable only to the most experienced professionals.

surf lanzarote

Costa Teguise is located north of Arrecife and has developed since the seventies as a destination for windsurfing. Today it attracts thousands of sportsmen looking for the legendary waves that develop on this stretch of coast. The caves of Jameos del Agua and Cueva de los Verdes are located a short distance from the city center and represent a spectacular destination to be reached through an excursion.

From a climatic point of view, the island of Lanzarote is characterized, like all the Canary archipelago, by a very mild and desert-like climate, with warm and sunny summers and mild or even warm winters.

About rainfall, the rains on the coastal area are substantially scarce and they are concentrated in the period from October to March. In the inner zone, where the highest hills of the island are concentrated, the rains are slightly more frequent and for this reason a less bleak landscape has developed and the typical terraces for the cultivations can be observed.

In Lanzarote, there are spring temperatures for most of the year: in fact, during daylight hours temperatures range from 21 ° C in January to 27 ° C in August. In general, temperatures tend to stabilise on these average values throughout the year, except for the phenomenon of the calima, when the winds come from the nearby Sahara desert that raises temperatures up to 40 ° C and causes sandstorms.

lanzarote

A particularity of Lanzarote is due to its north-eastern position compared to the rest of the archipelago, which makes it particularly exposed to the trade winds, winding from north-east to south-west constantly throughout the year. In the past, explorers used these winds to orient themselves and travel in the unknown ocean. These constant winds generate a wave phenomenon perfect for surfing and windsurfing and it is precisely for these very particular environmental conditions that Lanzarote is the favorite destination for surfers arriving in the Canary Islands.

As for the waters of the Atlantic Ocean surrounding the island, it must be taken into account that they are mostly fresh, due to the so-called Canary current, a cold submarine stream that flows along the Moroccan coast and lowers the temperature of the surrounding waters. Temperatures therefore fluctuate between 22 ° C from July to early November, 19 ° C in December and January, up to 18 ° C from February to June. Those who love swimming and bathing will find, therefore, a fresh but enjoyable water temperature for the duration of the year, thus being able to dive even in winter.

lanzarote island

To decide when to go to Lanzarote on the basis of its climate we must consider that in essence it is mild for the duration of the year and you can choose by following the small seasonal differences according to the activities you want to do.

For a trip of diving and surfing, the best time to visit is from May to mid-October, when the water temperature is higher; during the winter months, on the other hand, you can face the inland excursions more easily thanks to cooler temperatures and less intense sun thus you can better enjoy the spectacular natural environment that spreads around the Montañas del Fuego, the volcanic area in the center of Lanzarote.

The bravest surfers can also wait for the winter period because of the arrival of the perturbations coming from Africa. The winds arrive with much more force and the waves that are generated in these situations are among the largest in the Eastern Atlantic, although this attraction is advisable only to the most experienced professionals.